Problem 10.
A merchant buys goods at 25% off the list price (the usual price for the goods). He wants to mark the goods so that after a 20% discount of this marked price, 25% of the sale is profit.

What percent of the list price must he mark the goods?


Let L be the list price and P be the Merchant's marked price.

Merchant's cost = 0.75L
Merchant's discounted price = 0.80P
(This is just the price at which he finally sells the goods i.e.,
the final price to which he discounts the marked price so we have the equation inter-relating these quantities:

That is, the merchant's marked price P is 125% of the list price L.

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